About Time of the Gypsies, Emir Kusturica said in 1989 : Why the gypsies ? The only reason is that I was shocked by the fact that one could sell children. Emir Kusturica said also he had been marked by two films : ”I even met happy gypsies” of Petrović, and ”Guardian Angel” of Goran Paskaljević. This last film being even quoted by Ahmed, when returning with Pehran to Italy.
How to define these people too badly known ?
How should they be named ?
Even the term “flamenco”, which is a Spanish music played by Catalan gypsies, comes from “Flemish”, and is once again related to voyages, exchanges between Spain and the Netherlands at the XVIIth century.
In short, it is difficult to define them precisely : in these various definitions, we quoted India, Greece, Romania, Spain, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, France… This ambiguity is part of their soul, because freedom to travel is paid by a relentless segregation which led to the Nazi genecide and the Croatian death camps of Oustachis where Serbs, Gypsies and Jews were the principal victims.
The flag, representing a red wheel of car (with a sixteen branches chakra to point out the Indian origins) on a green (symbolizing the ground) and blue (symbolizing the sky) background, was approved by the First Rom Congress at 1971 London meeting. During this congress, where representatives of plenty of countries were present, (including India), was also chosen the song dzelem dzelem as anthem.
http://www.etudestsiganes.asso.fr (in French)
Enterrez-moi debout, l'odyssée des Gitans_FR, by Isabel Fonseca
This book is a true delight, and the reader dives into a million of images, anecdotes, and stories, each one more powerful, surprising, poetic or sad than the other one…